Kihon (basic training) is one of the most important aspects of karate development. It is the foundation to karate excellence. Through the proper practice of basic techniques one learns how to develop speed and power, improve balance by correctly aligning the body, and condition proper coordination of muscles and joints. Basic practice is a regular part of the karateka's (student of karate) training routine.


Kata is a formal exercise. It is a pre-arranged sequence of movements against imaginary opponents.

In kata many of the elements of attack and defence: rhythm, timing, strategy, awareness, combinations, and footwork, are integral to the pattern. Movements in the kata can have multiple applications. Some are obvious while others are hidden, requiring explanation or self-discovery through training and research. Katas can be simple and short, or long and complex. Some focus on strengthening the body while others develop fighting skills.


Kumite is fighting. This necessary part of karate training allows students to test out the effectiveness of learned skills. Kumite at Yoshinkan is always controlled and never full-contact. Students must learn to execute techniques without injuring their partners. When partners have trust in each other's ability to control their techniques, kumite becomes very exciting and fun.


Bunkai is the breakdown and application of kata forms. It includes throws, break-falls, holds, and escape techniques. These provide the student with a balanced arsenal of self-defence options. Mastery of these techniques, along with traditional punches, strikes, and kicks, enables the student to employ the correct technique at the right time and distance. It also provides the option of stopping an opponent by inflicting pain when necessary or simply immobilizing the opponent without injury.